Diğer Kaynaklar


Simple Past Tense konu anlatımı

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SIMPLE PAST TENSE

 

FORM

Vurgu için yardımcı fiil olumlu cümlede kullanılır.

  • He did break the vase.

 

USAGE (Kullanım)

1. Geçmişte yaşanmış bitmiş olaylar.

  • I met him in 1996. (zaman zarfı)
  • I met him when he visited the Prime Minister. (zaman zarf cümlesi)

Metin Kutusu: CLUES      In 1996, yesterday,   last week/month/year etc.   two days/months ago 2. Geçmiş alışkanlık (habitual)[1]

a) used to

  • He used to smoke 30 cigarettes a day.

a) sıklık zarfları ile[2]

  • He smoked 30 cigarettes a day until he gave up.
  • They never visited their grandmothers.
  • Did you ever watch TV when you had some guests?
  • I always drank milk for my breakfast in the village.

 

3. UNREAL SITUATINOS[3] ve It’s time: Yapının simple past ancak anlamın şu anı (present) kastettiği kullanımlar,

a) wish clause

  • It’s a pity you don’t know how to type. I wish you knew how to type.

b) if only= I wish

  • If only your mother were alive now.

c) would rather, would sooner, would just as soon[4]

  • My father is going to sell his old car, but I’d rather he didn’t.

d) If clause

  • If I had one million dollars now, I would buy a new jeep.
  • If he were to invite us again, it would be a big surprise.

e) as if, as though

  • We know that he is guilty, but he acts as if he were innocent.

f) It is (high) time

  • Children! It is 12 o’clock right now. It is (high) time you went to bed.

g) Would you mind if…[5]

  • Would you mind if I left the meeting early?

 




[1] bir modal olan would da geçmişte alışkanlık göstermek için kullanılır. Bkz. MODALS

[2] how often (ne kadar sık) sorusuna cevap olacak sıklık zarfları (ever, never, usually, always, sometimes, often, every day/week etc, once/twice/three times a day etc.)

[3] Şu anın UNREAL durumlarında (simple pastl zamanlı), tüm cinsiyetlerde was yerine were kullanılması tercih edilir.

[4] Would genellikle ’d olarak kısaltılır. Aynı şekilde kısaltılan HAD yardımcı fiili ile karıştırılmamalı.

[5] Aslında yapıca TYPE II bir koşul cümlesi. Ancak gramerce doğru kabul edilmese de cümlenin if-kısmı present tense olarak da kullanılmakta. “Would you mind if I leave the meeting early?”