Diğer Kaynaklar


Passive Voice konu anlatımı

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THE PASSIVE VOICE
1) Edilgen bir yapıda her zaman bir be yüklemi ve bir V3 yer alır. Be yüklemi present yapılarda: am/is/are, past yapılarda was/were, perfect yapılarda been, continuous yapılarda bunlara ilaveten +being olur.

TENSE / VERBACTIVE VOICEPASSIVE VOICE
Simple present He paints the house every year.The house is painted every year.
Simple past He painted the house last week.The house was painted last week.
Simple future ModalsHe will paint the house next year.He can paint the house easily.The house will be painted next year. The house can be painted easily.
Present continuous He is painting the house now.The house is being painted now.
Past continuous He was painting the house yesterday.The house was being painted yesterday.
Present perfect Past perfectFuture perfectPerfect ModalsHe has painted the house recently.He had painted the house before I came.He will have painted the house by next week.He should have painted the house last year.The house has been painted recently. The house had been painted before I came.The house will have been painted by next week.The house should have been painted last year.
present infinitive[to paint] He has to paint the house. He wants us to paint the house right now.The house has to be painted.He wants the house to be painted right now.
perfect infinitive [to have painted ]He is said to have painted the house last year.The house is said to have been painted last year.
present participle/gerund [painting]I am used to painting the house.The house is used to being painted.
perfect participle[having invited] He remembers that somebody invited him to the party last month.He remembers having been invited to the party last month.

Örnek cümleler

·          Active: I keep the butter in the fridge.       Passive: The butter is kept in the fridge.
·          Active: They stole the painting.                 Passive: The painting was stolen.
·          Active: They are repairing the road.        Passive: The road is being repaired.
·          Active: Shakespeare wrote Hamlet.          Passive: Hamlet was written by Shakespeare.
·          Active: A dog bit him.                              Passive: He was bitten by a dog.

NOTE: İngilizce’de present perfect continuous, past perfect continuous, future continuous ve future perfect continuous için edilgen yapı hemen hiç kullanılmaz. Ancak karşımıza çıkmış olsaydı:
§         The house will be being cleaned tomorrow. [future continuous]
§         The house has been being cleaned for five hours. [present perfect continuous]
§         The house had been being cleaned for five hours before you entered. [past perfect continuous]
§         The house will have been being cleaned for five hours by three o’clock. [fut. perfect continuous]

2) Eylemi yapan kişi yada şeyi belirtmek istediğimizde onu cümleye by
preposition’u ekleriz.
§          "A Hard Day's Night" was written by the Beatles.
§          ET was directed by Spielberg

3) İngilizce’de bazı yapılar devamlı edilgen kullanılırlar. Bunlar dilimizde etken olarak ifade edilmektedir.
§          I was born in 1975. (1975’te doğdum)
§          Around 100 babies are born in this hospital every week. (Bu hastanede her hafta yaklaşık 100 bebek doğar)


 

4) to infinitive [to V1] ve bare infinitive [V1], to be V3 ve be V3 formatına sokulur.

EDİLGEN CÜMLEETKEN CÜMLE
You have to be tested on your English grammar.You have to test me on my English grammar.
John might be promoted next year.John might promote Jack next year.
She wants to be invited to the party.She wants to invite us to the party. 

5) gerund veya –ing form [Ving],  being V3
formatına sokulur.

EDİLGEN CÜMLE

ETKEN CÜMLE
Most film stars hate being interviewed.Most film stars hate interviewing.
I remember being taught to drive.I remember teaching to drive.
The children are excited about being taken to the zoo.The children are excited about taking us to the zoo.

 

ÇİFT NESNE ALAN YÜKLEMLERIN PASİFLERİİngilizce’de bazı yüklemler dolaylı ve dolaysız (indirect and direct) olmak üzere iki nesne alabilirler. Her iki nesne de başa çekilerek pasif yapılabilir:§         They gave him a lot of presents.§         He was given a lot of presents.§         A lot of presents were given to him.